The Flag of Poland

The flag of Poland consists of two horizontal stripes of equal width, with white on the top and red on the bottom. These colors are defined in the Polish constitution as the national colors and have a deep symbolic meaning, representing the Polish identity and heritage. The flag is often displayed in two variants: the plain version and another featuring the national coat of arms on the white stripe for use abroad and at sea.

The Flag of Poland

History

The origins of the white and red colors as symbols of Poland date back to the Polish coats of arms and heraldry, with the white eagle on a red field being a historical emblem of Poland since the 13th century. The current form of the flag was officially adopted on August 1, 1919, shortly after Poland regained its independence following World War I. Over the years, the flag has been a symbol of resistance and pride, especially during periods of foreign occupation and political upheaval, including during World War II and the Solidarity movement of the 1980s. The flag's design has remained relatively unchanged, underscoring its enduring significance to the Polish people.