The Flag of Iceland

The flag of Iceland features a blue field with a white cross that extends to the edges of the flag. Superimposed on the white cross is a red cross, both of which are offset towards the hoist side. The design represents Iceland's natural features: the blue symbolizes the Atlantic Ocean, the white represents the snow and glaciers, and the red stands for the volcanic fire of the island.

The Flag of Iceland

History

The flag of Iceland, known as 'Hin íslenska fáninn', was officially adopted on June 19, 1915, but its design was used unofficially since 1913. The flag was designed to reflect the Nordic heritage, inspired by the flags of other Nordic countries such as Denmark, Sweden, and Norway, featuring the common Nordic Cross. The choice of colors specifically represents Iceland's natural landscape. Initially, the flag was used only on land; it wasn't until 1915 that it became the national flag and ensign for all purposes after gaining home rule from Denmark. The use of this flag was a significant step towards Iceland's independence, which was fully achieved in 1944. Throughout its history, the flag has become a strong symbol of Icelandic national identity and pride.