The Flag of Costa Rica

The flag of Costa Rica features five horizontal stripes: a blue stripe at the top and bottom, followed by a white stripe, and a red stripe in the center which is double the height of the other stripes. The national coat of arms is situated on the left side of the red stripe. The flag's color scheme—blue, white, and red—symbolizes various aspects of Costa Rican culture, environment, and history, with blue representing the sky, opportunities, idealism, and perseverance; white symbolizing peace, wisdom, and happiness; and red denoting the blood shed for freedom, as well as the warmth and generosity of the Costa Rican people.

The Flag of Costa Rica

History

The flag of Costa Rica was adopted on November 27, 1906, but its origins trace back to the First Republic in 1848. Inspired by the French Revolution, Pacifica Fernández, the wife of the then head of state José María Castro Madriz, designed the flag to reflect the ideals of liberty, equality, and fraternity. The original design was similar to the current one, although it has undergone several modifications over the years, particularly to the coat of arms. The flag's design was influenced by the French Tricolor, symbolizing the impact of European political movements on Central American independence and identity. Over the years, the flag has come to embody Costa Rica's ideals of democracy, peace, and progress, reflecting the country's status as a stable and peaceful nation in a region often troubled by political turmoil.