The Flag of São Tomé and Príncipe

The flag of São Tomé and Príncipe consists of three horizontal bands of green (top and bottom) and yellow (middle), with the yellow band twice the width of each green band. A red triangle is based on the hoist side, and two black stars are positioned in the yellow band. The flag’s colors and symbols reflect the country’s tropical location, its independence struggle, and its hopes for the future.

The Flag of São Tomé and Príncipe

History

The flag of São Tomé and Príncipe was officially adopted on November 5, 1975, shortly after the country gained independence from Portugal on July 12, 1975. The design was chosen to represent the African freedom movement, with the two stars on the flag symbolizing the two main islands of the nation, São Tomé and Príncipe. The green color symbolizes the rich vegetation of the islands, yellow represents the cocoa, a key agricultural product, and red stands for the struggle for independence. The black color of the stars signifies African heritage. Over the years, the flag has come to embody national pride and the unique identity of São Tomé and Príncipe.