The Flag of Saudi Arabia

The flag of Saudi Arabia features a green field with the Shahada or Islamic declaration of faith in white Arabic script ("There is no god but God; Muhammad is the Messenger of God") above a white horizontal sword. The flag is distinctive for its religious content and is one of the few flags in the world that incorporates script. The color green is traditionally associated with Islam.

The Flag of Saudi Arabia

History

The flag of Saudi Arabia has its origins in the early 20th century. It was first adopted in 1932 upon the unification of the Kingdoms of Hejaz and Nejd, under King Abdulaziz Al Saud. The design has undergone minor modifications since its first adoption. The current version was standardized in 1973. The flag incorporates the Shahada and a sword, which symbolizes the House of Saud, the ruling royal family of Saudi Arabia. The use of the Shahada highlights the kingdom's strong Islamic identity and governance based on Sharia law. The color green and the Islamic declaration of faith have been associated with various Islamic states and movements throughout history, but the specific combination with the sword is unique to Saudi Arabia.