The Flag of Afghanistan

The flag of Afghanistan features three vertical stripes of black, red, and green, from the hoist side to the fly side, with a national emblem in the center. The black color represents its troubled 19th-century history as a protectorate, red symbolizes the blood shed for independence, and green signifies hope and prosperity. The central emblem includes elements such as a mosque with its mihrab facing Mecca, sheaves of wheat, and the date of the Afghan Declaration of Independence in the Solar Hijri calendar.

The Flag of Afghanistan

History

The flag of Afghanistan has undergone numerous changes throughout the country's tumultuous history, reflecting the political shifts and regime changes. The current tricolor design was adopted in 2002, following the fall of the Taliban regime, and slightly modified in 2004. This design echoes previous flags used since 1928, particularly during the reign of King Amanullah Khan and the subsequent republics, with variations in the emblem's details. Afghanistan's flag is unique for its frequent changes, having seen more than 20 different flags since the early 20th century, each symbolizing the country's ongoing struggle for sovereignty, peace, and stability.