The Flag of Peru

The national flag of Peru consists of three vertical stripes: red, white, and red, with the white middle stripe being of equal width to the two red stripes. This simple yet striking design is often adorned with the national coat of arms in its state and war variants, while the civil version, used by citizens, does not bear any emblem. The flag's colors are deeply symbolic, representing the blood spilled for Peruvian independence and peace, respectively.

The Flag of Peru

History

The flag of Peru was first adopted on February 25, 1825, following the country's independence from Spanish rule, which was declared by José de San Martín in 1821. The original design was conceived by General José de San Martín and has undergone several modifications throughout its history. The choice of colors is attributed to various theories, including the influence of the red and white colors of the flag of the Army of the Andes, which played a pivotal role in the liberation of Peru. Over the years, the exact shade of red and the proportions of the flag have seen minor adjustments. The current design, re-established on March 31, 1950, specifies the dimensions and the shades of red and white, reaffirming the flag's symbolism and importance in representing the nation's identity and sovereignty.