The Flag of Mali

The national flag of Mali consists of three vertical stripes of equal width, displayed from left to right in the following order: green, gold (yellow), and red. These colors are pan-African and symbolize nature (green), purity and mineral wealth (gold), and the blood shed for independence (red), respectively.

The Flag of Mali

History

The flag of Mali was officially adopted on March 1, 1961, following the country's independence from France on September 22, 1960. Mali initially formed the Mali Federation with Senegal, which used a flag with a similar color scheme but included a black human figure (the kanaga) in the center. After the dissolution of the federation in August 1960, Mali chose to remove the kanaga symbol, resulting in its current flag. The colors were inspired by those of the African Democratic Rally, a political party active in several French African colonies, and are also meant to reflect African unity and independence.