The Flag of Indonesia

The flag of Indonesia, known as 'Sang Saka Merah-Putih' (The Sacred Red and White), is a simple design consisting of two equal horizontal bands with the top being red and the bottom white. This design symbolizes courage and purity. The flag’s simplicity and striking colors make it easily recognizable.

The Flag of Indonesia

History

The flag of Indonesia has roots that stretch back to the Majapahit Empire in the 13th century, where similar colors were used. Officially adopted on August 17, 1945, just days after the declaration of independence from Dutch colonial rule, it was a symbol of defiance and unity against colonialism. The red color represents human blood, while the white stands for the human spirit. The flag's design was inspired by the 13th-century Majapahit Empire flag, signifying the continuity of the nation's history and culture. Throughout Indonesia's struggle for independence and subsequent periods of nation-building, the Red and White flag has remained a potent national symbol, embodying the country's fight for freedom, unity, and sovereignty.