The Flag of Ghana

The flag of Ghana consists of three horizontal stripes of red, yellow, and green from top to bottom, with a black five-pointed star in the center of the yellow stripe. The red represents the blood shed for independence, the yellow symbolizes the country's mineral wealth, and the green denotes the rich forests and natural wealth of Ghana. The black star stands for African freedom.

The Flag of Ghana

History

The flag of Ghana was adopted on March 6, 1957, making it the first African country south of the Sahara to gain independence from colonial rule. The flag was designed by Theodosia Okoh. The design was inspired by the flag of the Ethiopian Empire, which had resisted colonial rule, thus making Ethiopia a symbol of African independence and pride. The black star was adopted from the Black Star Line, a shipping line incorporated by Marcus Garvey that aimed to facilitate the return of African diaspora to their homelands. Since its adoption, the flag has undergone one major alteration; following a coup in 1966, the flag was changed to a green-white-green horizontal triband, but the original design was reinstated on February 28, 1966, following the restoration of constitutional rule.