The Flag of Ethiopia

The flag of Ethiopia consists of three horizontal bands of green, yellow, and red from top to bottom. Centered on the flag is a blue circle with a gold star surrounded by rays, known as the Emblem of Ethiopia. The three colors are often associated with Pan-Africanism, and their symbolism is deeply rooted in Ethiopian history and identity.

The Flag of Ethiopia

History

Ethiopia's flag has a rich history that dates back to the early 20th century. The current flag was adopted on February 6, 1996, but its colors have been used since Emperor Menelik II's era in the late 19th century. The green, yellow, and red bands were first used in 1897, symbolizing the Ethiopian dynasty's connection to the Solomonic dynasty, believed to be descendants of the biblical King Solomon and Queen Sheba. Over time, these colors have come to represent different values: green for the land and its fertility, yellow for peace and harmony, and red for strength and the blood shed in defense of the country. The emblem in the center was added in 1996 and represents unity, diversity, and a bright future for Ethiopia. Throughout its history, the Ethiopian flag has served as a symbol of African independence and pride, inspiring the adoption of its colors by several other African nations.