The Flag of Equatorial Guinea

The flag of Equatorial Guinea consists of three horizontal stripes of green, white, and red, with a blue triangle based at the hoist. At the center of the white stripe is the national coat of arms, which features a silk cotton tree, a symbol of the country, along with the motto 'Unidad, Paz, Justicia' (Unity, Peace, Justice) inscribed on a banner. The green symbolizes the natural resources and jungles of the country, the white stands for peace, the red represents the struggle for independence, and the blue triangle signifies the sea, which connects the different parts of the country.

The Flag of Equatorial Guinea

History

The flag of Equatorial Guinea was officially adopted on August 21, 1979, following a coup that brought President Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo to power. The country had gained independence from Spain on October 12, 1968, and initially adopted a flag that also featured the green, white, and red colors, but without the blue triangle and with a different coat of arms. The post-independence flag was similar to the current one but underwent a change during the rule of Francisco Macías Nguema, who led the country from independence until his ousting in 1979. During his regime, the flag was completely redesigned to feature different symbols and colors. The return to a variation of the original flag in 1979 marked an effort to restore national unity and heritage after years of tumultuous rule.